Tuesday, May 17, 2011

Explain the major components of industrial wage structures in India.

Explain the major components of industrial wage structures in India. Discuss the salient features of the compensation system of the organization you are working in or any organization you are familiar with.


What are the components of a compensation system?
Compensation will be perceived by employees as fair if based on systematic components. arious compensation systems have developed to determine the value of positions. These ystems utilize many similar components including job descriptions, salary ranges/structures, and written procedures.

The components of a compensation system include:

Job Descriptions: A critical component of compensation and selection systems, job descriptions define in writing the responsibilities, requirements, functions, duties, location, environment, conditions, and other aspects of jobs. Descriptions may be developed for jobs individually or for entire job families.

Job Analysis: The process of analyzing jobs from which job descriptions are developed. Job analysis techniques include the use of interviews, questionnaires, and observation.

Job Evaluation: A system for comparing jobs for the purpose of determining appropriate compensation levels for individual jobs or job elements. There are four main techniques: Ranking, Classification, Factor Comparison, and Point Method.

Pay Structures: Useful for standardizing compensation practices. Most pay structures include several grades with each grade containing a minimum salary/wage and either step increments or grade range. Step increments are common with union positions where the pay for each job is pre-determined through collective bargaining.

Salary Surveys: Collections of salary and market data. May include average salaries, inflation indicators, and cost of living indicators, salary budget averages. Companies may purchase results of surveys conducted by survey vendors or may conduct their own salary surveys. When purchasing the results of salary surveys conducted by other vendors, note that surveys may be conducted within a specific industry or across industries as well as within one geographical region or across different geographical regions. Know which industry or geographic location the salary results pertain to before comparing the results to your company.

Policies and Regulations:
Compensation will be perceived as fair if it is comprised of a system of components developed to maintain internal and external equity.

What are different types of compensation?
Different types of compensation include:
• Base Pay
• Commissions
• Overtime Pay
• Bonuses, Profit Sharing, Merit Pay
• Stock Options
• Travel/Meal/Housing Allowance
• Benefits including: dental, insurance, medical, vacation, leaves, retirement, taxes...

What are regulations affecting compensation?

Compensation Plans

• Develop a program outline.

• Set an objective for the program.

• Establish target dates for implementation and completion.

• Determine a budget.

• Designate an individual to oversee designing the compensation program.

• Determine whether this position will be permanent or temporary.

• Determine who will oversee the program once it is established.

• Determine the cost of going outside versus looking inside.

• Determine the cost of a consultant's review.

• Develop a compensation philosophy.

• Form a compensation committee (presumably consisting of officers or at least including one officer of the company).

• Decide what, if any, differences should exist in pay structures for executives, professional employees, sales employees, and so on (e.g., hourly versus salaried rates, incentive-based versus non-contingent pay).

• Determine whether the company should set salaries at, above, or below market.

• Decide the extent to which employee benefits should replace or supplement cash compensation.

• Conduct a job analysis of all positions.

• Conduct a general task analysis by major departments. Who must accomplish what tasks?

• Get input from senior vice presidents of marketing, finance, sales, administration, production, and other appropriate departments to determine the organizational structure and primary functions of each.

• Interview department managers and key employees, as necessary, to determine their specific job functions.

• Decide which job classifications should be exempt and which should be nonexempt.

• Develop model job descriptions for exempt and nonexempt positions and distribute the models to incumbents for review and comment; adjust job descriptions if necessary.

• Develop a final draft of job descriptions.

• Meet with department managers, as necessary, to review job descriptions.
• Finalize and document all job descriptions.

• Evaluate jobs.

• Rank the jobs within each senior vice president and manager's department, and then rank jobs between and among departments.

• Verify ranking by comparing it to industry market data concerning the ranking, and adjust if necessary.

• Prepare a matrix organizational review.

• On the basis of required tasks and forecasted business plans, develop a matrix of jobs crossing lines and departments.

• Compare the matrix with data from both the company structure and the industry wide market.

• Prepare flow charts of all ranks for each department for ease of interpretation and assessment.

• Present data and charts to the compensation committee for review and adjustment.

• Determine grades.

• Establish the number of levels - senior, junior, intermediate, and beginner - for each job family and assign a grade to each level.

• Determine the number of pay grades, or monetary range of a position at a particular level, within each department.

• Establish grade pricing and salary range.

• Establish benchmark (key) jobs.

• Review the market price of benchmark jobs within the industry.

• Establish a trend line in accordance with company philosophy (i.e., where the company wants to be in relation to salary ranges in the industry).

• Determine an appropriate salary structure.

• Determine the difference between each salary step.

• Determine a minimum and a maximum percent spread.

• Slot the remaining jobs.

• Review job descriptions.

• Verify the purpose, necessity, or other reasons for maintaining a position.

• Meet with the compensation committee for review, adjustments, and approval.

• Develop a salary administration policy.

• Develop and document the general company policy.

• Develop and document specific policies for selected groups.

• Develop and document a strategy for merit raises and other pay increases, such as cost-of-living adjustments, bonuses, annual reviews, and promotions.
• Develop and document procedures to justify the policy (e.g., performance appraisal forms, a merit raise schedule).

• Meet with the compensation committee for review, adjustments, and approval.

• Obtain top executives' approval of the basic salary program.

• Develop and present cost impact studies that project the expense of bringing the present staff up to the proposed levels.

• Present data to the compensation committee for review, adjustment, and approval.

• Present data to the executive operating committee (senior managers and officers) for review and approval.

• Communicate the final program to employees and managers.

• Present the plan to the compensation committee for feedback, adjustments, review, and approval.

• Make a presentation to executive staff managers for approval or change, and incorporate necessary changes.

• Develop a plan for communicating the new program to employees, using slide shows or movies, literature, handouts, etc.

• Make presentations to managers and employees. Implement the program.

• Design and develop detailed systems, procedures, and forms.

• Work with HR information systems staff to establish effective implementation procedures, to develop appropriate data input forms, and to create effective monitoring reports for senior managers.

• Have the necessary forms printed.

• Develop and determine format specifications for all reports.

• Execute test runs on the human resources information system.

• Execute the program.

• Monitor the program.

• Monitor feedback from managers.

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